Charles Thomas Hawes – Pozieres Cemetery

1911 Census (Westgate, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Ref 83)
Name Charles Hawes
Address: 32, Hamilton Street, Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Age: 34
Born 1877, Oakley, Bucks
Status Single
Occupation Pavior
Industry Corporation
Relationship Boarder
Other people on census
Head: Ellen Smith (64,, widow,(married 43 years, 5 children, 3 alive, 2 have died), occupation Boarding House keeper; born 1848, Cork, Ireland)
Son Frederick Smith (35, single, draper assistant, industry drapers; born 1876, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland)
Daughters: Caroline Smith (39, single; born 1872, Leith, Edinburgh)
Catherine Smith (31, single, draper assistant; born 1880, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland)
Borders Walbrith Suffield (54, single, Fitter, industry sewing machine; born 1858, Birmingham
George Hawes (36, single, Pavior, industry Corporation, born 1875, Oakley, Bucks)
Frederick Temple (32, single, Upholsterer, industry Furnishing; born 1879, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland)

1901 Census (Oakley, ref 025)
Name (Head) Alfred Hawes
Address: Worminghall Road
Age: 67
Born 1834, Oakley, Bucks
Status Married
Occupation Farmer, small holding
Other people on census
Wife: Ann Hawes (58, born 1843, Oakley, Bucks)
Grandson: Bertie Hawes (4, 1897, Oakley, Bucks)

1891 Census (Oakley, ref 08)
Name Charles Hawes
Address: In the Village
Age: 14
Born 1877, Oakley, Bucks
Status Single
Occupation Farm Labourer
Other people on census
Father (Head): Alfred Hawes (53, married, Farm labourer; born 1838, Oakley, Bucks)
Mother: Ann Hawes (48, married, born 1843, Oakley, Bucks)
Brothers: John Hawes (20, status, Farm labourer, born 1871, Oakley, Bucks)
James Hawes (9, status, at school, born 1882, Oakley, Bucks)
Earnest Hawes (7, at school, born 1884, Oakley, Bucks)
Bertie Hawes (3 months, born 1891, Oakley, Bucks)
Sisters: Sarah Hawes (24, single, born 1867 Oakley, Bucks)
Elizabeth Hawes (18, single, born 1873, |Oakley, Bucks)

1881 Census (Oakley, ref 08)
Name Charles Hawes
Address: Worminghall Road
Age: 4
Born 1877, Oakley, Bucks
Other people on census
Father (Head): Alfred Hawes (43, married, Farm labourer; born 1838, Oakley, Bucks)
Mother: Ann Hawes (40, married, born 1841, Oakley, Bucks)
Brothers: William Hawes (13, at school born 1868 Oakley, Bucks)
John Hawes (10, at school, born 1871, Oakley, Bucks)
George Hawes (6, at school, born 1885, Oakley, Bucks)
Sisters: Sarah Hawes (15, unmarried, born 1876 Oakley, Bucks)
Elizabeth Hawes (8, born 1863, |Oakley, Bucks

Pozieres Cemetery, France

Pozieres Memorial
The POZIERES MEMORIAL relates to the period of crisis in March and April 1918 when the Allied Fifth Army was driven back by overwhelming numbers across the former Somme battlefields, and the months that followed before the Advance to Victory, which began on 8 August 1918.

The Memorial commemorates over 14,000 casualties of the United Kingdom and 300 of the South African Forces who have no known grave and who died on the Somme from 21 March to 7 August 1918. The Corps and Regiments most largely represented are The Rifle Brigade with over 600 names, The Durham Light Infantry with approximately 600 names, the Machine Gun Corps with over 500, The Manchester Regiment with approximately 500 and The Royal Horse and Royal Field Artillery with over 400 names.

The memorial encloses POZIERES BRITISH CEMETERY, Plot II of which contains original burials of 1916, 1917 and 1918, carried out by fighting units and field ambulances. The remaining plots were made after the Armistice when graves were brought in from the battlefields immediately surrounding the cemetery, the majority of them of soldiers who died in the Autumn of 1916 during the latter stages of the Battle of the Somme, but a few represent the fighting in August 1918.

There are now 2,758 Commonwealth servicemen buried or commemorated in this cemetery. 1,380 of the burials are unidentified but there are special memorials to 23 casualties known or believed to be buried among them. There is also 1 German soldier buried here.

The cemetery and memorial were designed by W.H. Cowlishaw, with sculpture by Laurence A. Turner. The memorial was unveiled by Sir Horace Smith-Dorrien on 4 August 1930.

Private Charles Thomas Hawes

Known as Charles Hawes
Born: 1876, Oakley Bucks
Bapt.: 5th November 1876, Oakley Church
Pre-War Occupation Pavoir
Rank Private
Married: Unmarried
Died: 27th March 1918
Cause of Death Killed in Action
Age at death 41
Buried Pozieres Memorial, France

Father: Alfred Hawes (born 1834, Oakley, Bucks; bapt. 16th Nov 1834, Oakley Church; married 23rd Nov 1863, Oakley Church; died Dec 1908, Stone, age 74; bur. 18 Dec 1908, Oakley Church)
Mother: Ann Hawes, nee Rasin (born 1843, Oakley, Bucks; married 23 Nov 1863, Oakley Church; Jun 1915, age 72, Oakley; bur. 29 June 1915, Oakley Church)
Brothers (6) William Hawes (bapt. 7th Feb 1863, Oakley Church; died in infancy)
William Alfred Hawes (born 1868, Oakley, Bucks; bapt. 3rd March 1868, Oakley Church;)
John Henry Hawes (born 1871, Oakley, Bucks; bapt. 2nd April 1871, Oakley Church)
George Edwin Hawes (born 1875, Oakley, Bucks; bapt.5th Nov 1876, Oakley Church)
James Matthew Hawes (born 1882, Oakley, Bucks; bapt. 20th Jan 1884, Oakley Church, died 15th June 1918, aged 36, Magnabaschi, Italy)
Ernest Albert Hawes (born 19th Aug 1883, Oakley, Bucks; bapt. 20th Jan 1884, Oakley Church)
Sisters (4) Sarah Ann Hawes (born 1865, Oakley, Bucks; bapt. 1st October 1865, Oakley Church)
Elizabeth Jane Hawes (born 1868, Oakley, Bucks; bapt. 2nd Feb 1873, Oakley Church)
Ruth Hawes (bapt. 30th Nov 1879, Oakley Church)
Nelly Jane Hawes (born 7th February 1879 Oakley Bucks, bapt. 20th Jan 1884, Oakley Church)
Paternal Grandfather: James Hawes (born 1800, Little London, Brill, Bucks; bapt. 15th June 1800, Oakley Church; married 3rd Aug 1831, Oakley Church; died October 1875, age 75, Oakley, buried 20th Oct 1875, Oakley Church)
Paternal Grandmother: Rebecca Hawes nee Barnett (born 1808, Launton, Oxon; bapt. 15th Oct 1808, Launton Church; married 3rd Aug 1831, Oakley Church; death July 1882, age 74 Oakley; bur. 17 Aug 1882, Oakley Church)
Maternal Grandfather: William Reason (born 1786, Tycer (Tysoe), Warwickshire; bapt. 19th March 1790, Tysoe Church, Warwickshire; married 1838, Oakley Church; died 1860, age 70; Oakley, bur. 5th Oct 1860, age 77, Oakley Church)
Maternal Grandmother: Sarah Reason nee Hawes (born 1811 Oakley, Bucks; bapt. 14th Jun 1810, Oakley Church; married 1838, Oakley Church;)

Pozieres Cemetery, France

Soldiers Died in the Great War, 1914-1919

First Names: Charles Thomas
Surname: Hawes
Death Place France and Flanders
Enlistment Place Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Type of Casualty Killed in Action
Theatre of War Western European Theatre
Date of death: 28th March 1918
Birth Place Oakley, Bucks
Rank: Private
Regimental Number: 28/64
Regiment Northunberland Fusiliers
Battalion 1st / 6th Battalion (Territorial)
Age 41
Cemetery Pozieres Memorial
Relatives notified Brother of Mr. G. E. Hawes, of 23. Ashfield Terrace East, Newcastle-on-Tyne.

Cross of Sacrifice, Pozieres Cemetery, France


Northumberland Fusiliers : Roll of Individuals entitles to the Victory Medal and British War Medal granted under Army Orders 301 and 266 of 1919:

28/64 Pte Charles Thomas Hawes – 1/6th Northumberland Fusiliers 28/64

National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills)

HAWES Charles Thomas of 32 Hamilton Street, Newcastle-upon-Tyne private 1/6th Morthumberland Fusiliers died 28 March 1918 in France. Probate Newcastle-upon-Tyne 6th September to George Edwain pavior. Effects £441 5s 10d

UK Army Registery of Soldiers’ Effects (ref 688897)
Credit £7 3s 7d Allocated on 14/06/1918 to Brother sole exec. George E £0 14s 8d
Credit £6 8s 11d Allocated on 20/11/1918 to Brother sole exec. George E £6 8s 11d
Allocated on 26/11/1919 to Brother sole exec. George E £11 0s 0d
War Gratuity Allocated on 26/11/1919 to Brother sole exec. George E £0 0s 9d

Memorials/notes etc.
Oakley War Memorial.
Memorial Pozieres Memorial
Panel Reference: 16 to 18
Waddesdon Deanery Magazine

Pozieres Cemetery, France

Military background

Regiment during World War 1 : Northumberland Fusiliers

Battalion 1st/6th Battalion
1/4th 1/5th & 1/6th Battalion Territorial Force
04.08.1914 1/4th stationed at Hexham, the 1/5th stationed at Walker, Newcastle-on-Tyne and the 1/6th stationed at Northumberland Road, Newcastle-on-Tyne, both part of the Northumberland Brigade of the Northumbrian Division, on Tyne Defences.
April 1915 Mobilised for war and Landed in France where the formation became 149th Brigade of the 50th Division and engaged in various actions on the Western Front including;
1915 The Battle of St Julien, The Battle of Frezenburg Ridge, The Battle of Bellewaarde Ridge.
1916 The Battle of Flers-Courcelette, The Battle of Morval, The Battle of the Transloy Ridges.
1917 The First Battle of the Scarpe, The Capture of Wancourt Ridge, The Second Battle of the Scarpe, The Second Battle of Passchendaele.
1918 The Battle of St Quentin, The Actions at the Somme Crossings, The Battle of Rosieres, The Battle of Estaires, The Battle of Hazebrouck, The Battle of the Aisne.
15.07.1918 Reduced to cadre and moved to defend Lines of Communication in the Dieppe area.
16.08.1918 Transferred to the 118th Brigade of the 39th Division which supervised American Troop training.
10.11.1918 All Disbanded.

Battalion 1st/6th Battalion War Diary
27th March 1918 VAULILLERS Sixth Day of Battle: During the counter attack, large numbers of the enemy were killed and two machine guns captured. Lt. Col ROBINSON and Captain H. ARMSTRONG displayed great courage in leadership before they were shot down. Lt. H.S.S. ALLEN signalling officers was killed. Capt. H.D.K. Davies, 2nd Lt A.V. Davies, 2nd Lt Browning were wounded. Casualties to N.C.O. s and men were unfortunately external heavy in killed. R.S.M. FINCH although wounded in the headed displayed great courage and coolness. The 6th Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers was most ably supported in the counter attack by a small part of 4th East Yorks under Lt BROWN and Lt ELVIN. Lt. Brown was killed. Arrangements were made by the 8th Division to take over the line and at night the battalion which had become a good deal scattered during the afternoon operation, pendecomplete south of HARBONNIERES under the command of Capt. LEATHART being joined later by Lt. A.V.LEIGH and what remained of the attacking force – some 20 other ranks in all.
According to Commonwealth War Graves Commission 41 soldiers of the Northumberland Fusiliers were killed on 27th March 1918.
28th March 1918 CAIX Seventh Day of Battle: A general retirement to the line CAIX-WIENCOURT was ordered and commenced at 6 a.m. All troops took up positions in the defensive zone North-East and North of CAEN. East od Cain, French troops were in position. The Balls (The Halls and Balls Light Infantry – 6th Battalion, London Regiment (City of London Rifles) held a long and somewhat scattered line the 7th D.L.I.(Durham Light Infantry) on the left. These positions were held till 4 p.m. when the left flank was down in leaving “A” Coy (CAPOT Leathart0 in an exposed position. The troops effected a safe retreat however and marched through BEAUEOURT and MEZIERES to MOREUIL when the night was spent.
According to Commonwealth War Graves Commission 151 soldiers of the Northumberland Fusiliers were killed on 28th March 1918.
29th March 1919 DEMUIN Eighth Day of Battle. Battalion marched from MORUIL to position due south of DEMUIN and advanced in artillery formation to point 90 on the AMIENS to ROYE road where the enemy was attacking in force / This position was held by the 149 Conf. Bde till darkness set in and a retirement was ordered to the line of the MOREUIL-DEMUIN road. 50th Divisional troops were ordered to rendezvous North West of RIFLE WOOD in support of the new line.
According to Commonwealth War Graves Commission 51 soldiers of the Northumberland Fusiliers were killed on 29th March 1918.